“Yemen was already the poorest country in the Middle East region even before the war started. As the conflict has escalated, the small economy that existed has crumbled. Social welfare transfers to the poorest of the poor stopped nearly two years ago. Private-sector jobs have almost vanished as the ongoing conflict, blockade, and airstrikes have targeted factories and businesses either directly or indirectly. Fuel shortages, water scarcity, import blockades, and the destruction of roads and ports have destroyed agriculture. The last lifeline for millions of Yemenis, public sector salaries, stopped in August.

The past year and a half has shown that neither persecutor of this conflict will achieve a military victory and nor, left to their own devices, will they reach agreement. The UK and other leading powers must find their moral spine and exert pressure on all sides to strike a deal.”

Read more from the former government of Yemen cabinet minister at New Statesman.